We recently received a case into Product Support. Basically after a hard drive and video card replacement, the software would not start up. When starting Maya 2014, there was an unexpected error and this was not a licensing (activation) issue.
We basically tried using procmon and we did fix some permission issues but the problem persisted. In the end, we even reformated the drive and re-installed Windows to no avail.
The solution was to disable WMI.
I want to thank Daniel Jay for sharing this tip with the community and the tenacious troubleshooting skills of Dell [Steven M.] Technical Support.
Thanks to Daniel Jay again for finding some additional reference data on the same issue but with 3DS Max.